White had missed just one game since entering the NFL in 2017 prior to Tuesday's contest.
The defensive back failed to practice this week. His absence leaves the Bills' secondary without its two top cornerbacks, as Buffalo placed Levi Wallace on injured reserve earlier in the week.
The Bills will now have to rely on veteran Josh Norman in their defensive backfield. Norman played 91% of the team's defensive snaps during his season debut in Week 4.