The future Hall of Famer leapfrogged Elvin Hayes with a pull-up triple early in the second quarter and finished Monday's game with 14 points in 22 minutes of action as Portland fell 123-114 to Atlanta.
Anthony is now less than 100 points away from passing Moses Malone for ninth place on the league's scoring leaderboard. The 10-time All-Star moved past Tim Duncan, Dominique Wilkins, Oscar Robertson, and Hakeem Olajuwon earlier this season.
"A couple of years ago, I ain't think I was gonna be in this moment. I was out of the league for whatever reason. I'm back. I persevered. I stayed strong. I stayed true to myself, and now I'm here in the top 10," Anthony said in his postgame locker room speech.
The 36-year-old entered Monday's contest averaging 13.6 per game on 42.1% shooting - including a career-high 40.3% mark from deep.