Stricker will lead Team USA in his home state of Wisconsin when it hosts the Europeans at Whistling Straits next year.
The 51-year-old Stricker brings plenty of experience, having served as vice-captain in each of the past three Ryder Cups and captained the 2017 Presidents Cup team. He also represented the USA in three Ryder Cups as a player.
Stricker becomes the first American captain who's never won a major championship in their playing career.
The Americans will look to reclaim the Ryder Cup after an embarrassing 17.5-10.5 defeat in Paris last September.
All four captain's picks will be made on Sept. 1, 2020, according to Golf Channel's Ryan Lavner. Previously, captains selected three players before waiting a week to make the fourth selection.
Padraig Harrington was named Europe's captain in early January.